It’s no secret that hand injuries are some of the most common among job sites, but they are also some of the most preventable – and thanks to the impact protection standard, hand injuries are more preventable than ever.
Here’s what you need to know about ANSI/ISEA 138-2019.
History of the standard
Before the impact standard was published on February 27, 2019, the ANSI/ISEA 105-2016 hand protection standard covered cut, abrasion, tear, and puncture performance ratings, but there was no U.S.-based standard to help measure impact performance.
This gave glove manufacturers free rein on glove claims when it came to the protective nature of their impact technology, which made it very difficult for safety managers to choose proper impact protection. It also created confusion in the market as to what was protective enough for certain applications, and what was not.
As a member of the ISEA board and their hand protection sub-committee group, HexArmor® worked closely with the ISEA and other leading glove manufacturers to develop and implement the ANSI/ISEA impact standard in 2019.
In an industry first, the International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA) developed a new voluntary standard: ANSI/ISEA 138-2019, the American national standard for performance and classification for impact-resistant hand protection.
What does the impact standard do?
The ANSI/ISEA 138-2019 standard establishes the minimum performance, classification, and labeling requirements for gloves that are designed to protect the knuckles and fingers from impacts.
This will help safety professionals make better-informed decisions about glove selection – ultimately keeping more people safe on the job. Learn more in our impact webinar.
How does the impact test work?
One pair of gloves is required per test. The gloves are cut in half and the back of hand is placed on an anvil. A striker with a force of 5 Joules is dropped on the required back-of-hand locations. The amount of force transferred through the glove back-of-hand is recorded with a force gauge that is connected below the anvil.
The ISEA 138 tests two areas for impact performance: knuckles, and fingers/thumb. On both gloves, knuckles are tested four times, and fingers/ thumb are tested five times. The average of the knuckle tests is compared to the average of the ten-finger tests, and the lower-performing average of the two is the final impact testing score.
The chart with glove markings below showcases the performance levels, with “Performance Level 3” being the highest.
EN388 vs. ISEA 138 – What’s different?
In 2016, the EN388 was updated to include impact testing performance ratings. Although the EN388 testing method is similar, the testing areas and scoring are quite different.
EN388 only tests the impact on the knuckles and are given a pass or fail score – no performance levels. To pass the test, the transmitted force needs to be less than or equal to 7 kilonewtons with no single results greater than 9 kilonewtons.
Whereas the ISEA 138 tests on all fingers and knuckles and are rated with performance levels 1-3. This inclusion of fingers is critical for industrial glove users, whose fingers are usually at a high risk for injury.
The best part? ISEA 138 gives more choice and flexibility to the end-user. With a performance level scale, workers can make better-informed decisions as to what type of glove will give them the appropriate level of impact protection based on the hazards they may face.
ISEA 138 requires lab testing
The ANSI/ISEA 138-2019 standard is unlike most standards from ANSI, where PPE manufacturers are on an honor system when it comes to publishing test results. ISEA 138 requires testing in a lab that meets the laboratory conformity assessment standard IOS/IEC 17205.
This helps increase the credibility of glove performance level claims and is a progressive step for ANSI/ISEA.
All performance levels will be displayed directly on the gloves to give safety professionals a simple visual of what the performance standard is.
HexArmor® can help
As an industry leader in innovative PPE, HexArmor® offers impact-resistant gloves designed with the optimal durometer and height to dampen blunt forces and redistribute energy away from the impact, for some of the best protection on the market.
Impact-resistant gloves from HexArmor® offer Level 1, 2, and 3 ISEA 138-tested impact protection, giving you the options you need to match your application with the most suitable impact glove. Learn more about our impact technology.
Download our Quick Guide to the ANSI/ISEA 138-2019 Impact Standard to use as a resource when evaluating your impact gloves, or let us know if you need help - our Solution Specialists are ready to work with you. Call 1-877-MY ARMOR or send us a message.
[Blog originally published on February 28, 2019]